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dc.contributor.advisorGorman, Brian P.
dc.contributor.advisorDiercks, David R.
dc.contributor.authorBurton, George L.
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-13T15:29:47Z
dc.date.accessioned2022-02-03T13:17:55Z
dc.date.available2020-01-13T15:29:47Z
dc.date.available2022-02-03T13:17:55Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifierBurton_mines_0052E_11857.pdf
dc.identifierT 8827
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/11124/173965
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references.
dc.description2019 Fall.
dc.description.abstractNon-stoichiometric oxides, which exhibit advantageous electronic and ionic conductivity, are key components in a number of technologically relevant areas including gas separators, solid oxide fuel cells and electrolysis cells. Grain boundaries dramatically limit the charge transport and therefore the overall efficiency of these devices. The limited conductivity is typically attributed to composition and chemistry changes only a few nanometers from these interfaces, due to the different defect formation energies at grain boundaries compared to the bulk. In the following, macroscopic electrical properties of two non-stoichiometric ceria-based oxide systems are related to individual grain boundary compositional and chemical variations, primarily through correlative atom probe tomography (APT) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). First, a robust technique using the scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) is developed to automatically analyze grain orientation, a presumed important factor in grain boundary segregation. Second, segregation of oxygen vacancies and cation species were quantified at multiple high angle grain boundaries and at phase boundaries in a dense dual-phase ceramic membrane consisting of BaCe0.8Y0.2O3-δ - Ce0.8Y0.2O2-δ. No trend between misorientation and segregation could be determined. Finally, direct measurements of individual grain boundary composition, electronic structure, and electric potential were systematically investigated and compared between two doping levels in ceria solid solutions: Ce0.99Y0.01O2-δ and Ce0.9Y0.1O2-δ. It was found that the potential was positive for the 1% doped sample, while a negative potential was measured and corroborated by three techniques in the 10% doped sample. While most of the measurements of ceria solid solutions in literature assume a positive grain boundary potential, these results suggest that this is not necessarily always the case.
dc.format.mediumborn digital
dc.format.mediumdoctoral dissertations
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherColorado School of Mines. Arthur Lakes Library
dc.rightsCopyright of the original work is retained by the author.
dc.subjectelectrochemical impedance spectroscopy
dc.subjectspace charge measurements
dc.subjecttransmission electron microscopy
dc.subjectnanoscale orientation mapping
dc.subjectatom probe tomography
dc.subjectstructure-property relationships
dc.titleInterpreting macroscale conductivity behavior of ceria-based oxides via nanoscale quantification of grain boundaries
dc.typeText
dc.contributor.committeememberZimmerman, Jeramy D.
dc.contributor.committeememberBrennecka, Geoffrey
dc.contributor.committeememberKee, R. J.
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.disciplineMetallurgical and Materials Engineering
thesis.degree.grantorColorado School of Mines


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