Solid materials distributed on the surface of watershed transform to debris flow under seepage flow effect is one of the most common disaster type in the mountainous area, especially in the Longmen Fault regions, China. The high frequency of debris- flow event takes a big menace to local people’s safety of life and properties directly, as well as the reconstruction work. Currently, more theory and experiment researches are concentrated on solid materials instability mechanism, debris-flow initiation, movement process of slope-gully system, but fewer research are focused on the moveable critical condition of solid materials under hydrodynamic condition as seepage flow and surface flow. Thus, based on the mechanical balance, through define the theory of the movable solid materials firstly. Then, take a comparison with traditional terms as loosen solid materials, dynamic reserves and efficient solid materials, it found that solid materials move or not is a mechanical problem rather than traditional definition. Thirdly, on the condition of saturated seepage flow, according to setting up geological model and taking mechanical analysis, it gained dynamical formula and resistance formula respectively, then, give confined parameters, it found a liner distribution of dynamical value and resistance value versus depth when the geology model is homogeneous and the seepage flow saturated in whole layer.
Copyright of the original work is retained by the authors.
The export option will allow you to export the current search results of the entered query to a file. Different
formats are available for download. To export the items, click on the button corresponding with the preferred download format.
By default, clicking on the export buttons will result in a download of the allowed maximum amount of items.
To select a subset of the search results, click "Selective Export" button and make a selection of the items you want to export.
The amount of items that can be exported at once is similarly restricted as the full export.
After making a selection, click one of the export format buttons. The amount of items that will be exported is indicated in the bubble next to export format.